File Name: Risk Hedging – Delta Hedge
Location: Modeling Toolkit | Risk Hedging | Delta Hedge
Brief Description: Sets up a delta riskless and costless hedge in determining the number of call options to sell, the number of common stocks to buy, and the borrowing amount required to set up a costless hedge
Requirements: Modeling Toolkit
Modeling Toolkit Functions Used: MTDeltaHedgeCallSold, MTDeltaHedgeSharesBought, MTDeltaHedgeMoneyBorrowed
The delta hedge provides a hedge against small changes in the asset value by buying some equity shares of the asset and financing it through selling a call option and borrowing some money. The net should be a zero sum game to provide a hedge where the portfolio’s delta is zero. For instance, an investor computes the portfolio delta of some underlying asset and offsets this delta through buying or selling some additional instruments such that the new instruments will offset the delta of the existing underlying assets. Typically, say an investor holds some stocks or commodities such as gold in the long position, creating a positive delta for the asset. To offset this, she sells some calls to generate a negative delta, such that the amount of the call options sold on the gold is sufficient to offset the delta in the portfolio. See Figure 125.1 for an example.
Figure 125.1: Delta hedging